Appendix 2: Personalia: 117
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Title graphic: Frank Bridge: A Life in Brief
Appendix 2: Personalia: 118

Sokoloff, Nikolai (1886-1965). Born in Russia, but studied at Yale University. Principal conductor of the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra from its formation in 1918 until 1933.

Stanford, Sir Charles Villiers (1852-1924). Irish composer, conductor and music administrator. Professor of Composition, Royal College of Music, London, 1883-1924. Conductor of Bach Choir, 1885-1902. Professor of Music, Cambridge University, 1887-1924. Prolific composer, intermittently inspired.

Stokowski, Leopold (1882-1977). English-born conductor, emigrating to America. During his period as conductor of the Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra, 1912-38, it gained world-class status. Introduced important contemporary European works to America, while also supporting new American music.

Suggia, Guilhermina (1888-1950). Portuguese cellist, pupil of Casals, who settled in London. Bridge sometimes conducted when Suggia was the soloist, as on 15 December 1932, when Suggia played the Haydn C major Concerto.

Tertis, Lionel (1876-1975). English violist, devoted to improving the status of the instrument. Walton composed his Viola Concerto for him. Partnered Bridge in the first performance of his Two Pieces for Two Violas at the Aeolian Hall, London, on 18 March 1912.

Tomlinson, Ernest. See Grimson String Quartet.

Toscanini, Arturo (1867-1957). Italian conductor and cellist. Became artistic director at La Scala, Milan, in 1898, conducting there intermittently for the rest of his career, which was punctated by illustrious periods of conducting in New York, beginning at the Metropolitan Opera House, 1908-15.

Tovey, Sir Donald (1875-1940). English composer, pianist, writer on music and music administrator. After pursuing a career as pianist and composer initially, appointed to the Reid Chair of Music, Edinburgh University. Founded the Reid orchestral concerts for which he wrote his Essays in Musical Analysis.